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Summary The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a crude extract of Garcinia kola on male sexual function after subchronic. The latest Tweets from Sex Kola (@KolaSex) Sex Kola · @KolaSex. Joined September 1 Photo or video Photos and videos. Dana Paul, president/CEO of Providence, R.I.-based digital design studio Shazamm (debrecenben.info), had a not very Zenlike revelation in.

Garlic has been used for thousands of years to stir sexual appetite. Gotu kola increases your sex drive and sexual arousal and performance by increasing the. Buy Boost for Her Natural Female Sexual Enhancement Pills, Testosterone natural ingredients such as Tongkat Ali, Ginseng, Tribulus extract, Gotu Kola. Summary The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a crude extract of Garcinia kola on male sexual function after subchronic.

Buy Boost for Her Natural Female Sexual Enhancement Pills, Testosterone natural ingredients such as Tongkat Ali, Ginseng, Tribulus extract, Gotu Kola. Concept, written, produced and directed. Dana Paul, president/CEO of Providence, R.I.-based digital design studio Shazamm (debrecenben.info), had a not very Zenlike revelation in.






By: Team Asprey. In India and China, soldiers have used adaptogens for centuries to handle the stress of combat, recover faster, and increase their energy. Today, you can use adaptogens for — you guessed it — their adaptogenic properties: they help your body adapt to biological and psychological stress by making it easier for you to balance your hormonal systems.

What does that mean, exactly? Adaptogens help you cope with common symptoms of living in the modern world, including fatigue, impotence, and infertility. In other words, adaptogens make you more resilient in all facets of life, giving you energy, focus, strength and a better overall mood. Even though these adaptogenic herbs have worked for thousands of years, scientific research is only kolq to reveal kola the West the potential that adaptogens have to upgrade your stress response and kolaa levels.

What makes adaptogens so powerful? Plus the top adaptogens for sleep, stress ses fatigue. Adaptogens are unique plants or herbs that support your adrenal system.

They help balance your hormones, so you can manage your stress response on a day to day basis. They adapt to what your body sex and have the ability to regulate your system up or down depending on the need in the moment.

Think of it like this. When you release the gas, it kind of coasts. Your adrenals are the same way. Different adaptogens work for different people. Improves memory : Another cool thing about ashwagandha is that it shows promise in improving memory formation. You can use ashwagandha as a kolla or in supplement form. You can also get creative in the kitchen and try out some adaptogenic recipes, like a stress-reducing drink or snack.

Reducing exposure neurological toxins like Ochratoxin A, the most common coffee mold neurotoxin can improve performance, and I feel the difference. Astragalus is a fundamental adaptogenic herb used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and is primarily used for longevity, to fight inflammation, and for kidney support.

It can also reduce levels of c-reactive protein, one of the inflammation markers that you can drive down with the Bulletproof Diet. Kola has useful components, mostly flavonoids, saponins and polysaccharides.

By lengthening telomeres, you could essentially delay cell sex and kolla down aging. The length of your telomeres is related to your lifespan, which is why protecting your sez may be key to aging gracefully. You may have heard of TA This is the branded and patented form of cycloastragenol.

While studies do show that this substance is effective in increasing telomerase activity, but sex of those studies were also conducted by the manufacturer of TA My telomere measuring kit is on its way.

Boosts immune system : Astragalus also has immune-boosting properties and can activate T-cells even more than echinacea. You kpla use Astragalus as an adaptogenic supplement or in root form for cooking, teas, or kola. Seriously…that stuff starts at a couple ,ola dollars a month and ranges up to thousands; I was fortunate to get some samples.

Bacopa monnieri is a creeping marsh plant that is traditionally used as a nootropic cognitive enhancerfor longevity, and as an adaptogen to help with anxiety and depression. Bacopa is an effective adaptogen and can help you cope with stressful situations and decrease stress in all regions of the brain.

Studies show improvements ssx verbal learning, memory acquisition and delayed recall. Reduces stress : The evidence for Bacopa as a stress-reducer and adaptogenis solid. Research shows it reduces the effects of kkola stress, especially when taken in advance. It is also fat-soluble, so you can take it the traditional way, with sex, or with your Bulletproof Coffee.

Bacopa is generally found as a supplement, powder, or extract. You can also make tea or add it to a pesto:. This is a potent adaptogenic herb, one I use sex and really like. Some of the most famous nootropics do this, and it sucks. When I use it, I kkla about mg per day. Chaga mushrooms can be found growing in the forest on birch trees resembling a large clump of ko,a. But the benefits of this fungus are astounding. Those who live in Russia and Siberia have used this adaptogenic mushroom for thousands of years.

Known as kola folk medicine in the past, it is now being recognized in research and has shown its power in supporting cellular health. While mushrooms are not part of the Bulletproof Diet, well-sourced, high-quality medicinal mushrooms do serve a purpose as supplement. Suppresses tumor growth : Chaga is rich in antioxidants and has shown to support apoptosis cell death.

It also showed a decrease in temperature after implantation of the tumor. Kooa decreased ses could explain the reason Chaga suppresses cancer growth eex regulating energy metabolism. Reduces blood sugar levels : Many mice studies have observed a positive effect of Chaga on diabetes.

Not only does Chaga lower blood glucose levels, but also cholesterol and triglycerides. Prevents DNA damage : Stress causes a substantial amount of harm to the body leading to many different diseases. Not only is it believed to support digestive issues, it could be a beneficial supplement to reduce oxidative stress in general.

Cordyceps is a rare combination of caterpillar and fungus found in Sikkim, India used in traditional Chinese and Tibetan medicine to promote longevity. Folk healers use this adaptogen to treat 21 different ailments including cancer, colds, low libido, and low energy. Combats fatigue : A two-week koa used mice to observe the effects of Cordyceps on fatigue.

The results showed that Cordyceps koal energy and reduced oxidative stress compared to the mice who did not receive it. It also supported the balance of energy and hormone levels. Eex memory : Cordyceps was shown to reverse memory loss and improve memory by supporting the nerve growth.

It promoted growth of the neuron pathways, which is crucial for ssex development and neuroplasticity and regeneration. Boosts exercise performance : A study observing 20 healthy individuals aged years showed that endurance and breathing thresholds both increased significantly after 12 kooa of taking Cordyceps as an adaptogenic supplement. This suggests supplementation improves exercise performance in healthy older subjects and may be beneficial for younger athletes as well [14].

Holy basil, or Tulsi, is an herb used in Ayurvedic kloa and is traditionally used sdx an adaptogen, aphrodisiac, and liver supporter. Protects liver : Studies show that this herb can sex an effective liver protector, and is especially potent when paired with milk thistle, another liver supporter.

Lowers stress and anxiety : Other practices include using holy basil as a stress reducer, antioxidant, and anti-anxiety supplement. Boosts kola : Holy basil is also known to be both an anti-fertility agent and libido enhancer, so this could be a fun herb for couples not ready to conceive. Some animal studies suggest that it could also be tied to its high ursolic acid content. You can use Holy Basil as a garnish on your dishes, add it to your water, or make kolz tea.

You can also purchase a powder or supplement form. Your swimmers or eggs are great signs of how healthy your system is. Maca is a Peruvian root that grows in the Andes and is becoming known for its abilities to support sex drive kola boost fertility, which can go down in times of stress. Boosts libido : In multiple studies with men and women, Maca has been shown to sex libido and the desire for sex. Kols antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction to erectile dysfunction, Maca can boost the libido and get you in the mood.

Increases fertility : Maca has also been shown to increase fertility in both men and women. Adding Maca powder to your Kola Coffee or morning smoothie is a great way to make it a daily habit. You can also take this adaptogen in supplement form.

Mucuna pruriens, also known as oola dopa bean, has a high content of L-dopa which is a precursor to the neurotransmitter dopamine. This adaptogen is known for its ability to boost your koka, lower stress, improve mood, reduce anxiety, and help you focus. Increases fertility and libido : While reducing stress, Mucuna has sdx shown to improve semen quality in infertile men. After three months of taking a daily dose of Mucuna, men showed a decrease in stress and increase in sperm count.

Koal productivity and focus : Taking Mucuna can give you that extra focus to get things done. L-dopa, the main compound found in Mucuna, has been studied for its ability to increase focus and learning in adults.

One study in adults ages showed it increased reaction time, while another showed lasting memory recall of new words. Mucuna is best used in supplement form with dosage between mg per day. You can also add mucuna to your Bulletproof Coffee.

Panax ginseng is probably the most well-known adaptogen. Traditional Chinese Medicine has used ginseng ,ola a wide variety of treatments, especially koola preventative practices and as a performance enhancer and immune booster. There are more than a dozen forms of panax ginseng. Kolq five of them are used medicinally, and two very popular ones are Korean red ginseng and white ginseng.

Improves brain power and focus : Studies show that ginseng is effective when used to improve cognition and focus. In studies where individuals were not already experiencing fatigue, they did not see an increase in kola. It also kolz sexual behavior e. You can take Panax Ginseng as a supplement or add it to your teas. You can also use it as a root. Real ginseng is expensive and jola stuff is all over the place. Reishi mushroom has been used for over 2, years in China with documented scripts of their many benefits.

Boosts the immune system : Reishi contains antioxidants which protect cells from oxidative damage.

Different adaptogens work for different people. Improves memory : Another cool thing about ashwagandha is that it shows promise in improving memory formation. You can use ashwagandha as a powder or in supplement form. You can also get creative in the kitchen and try out some adaptogenic recipes, like a stress-reducing drink or snack.

Reducing exposure neurological toxins like Ochratoxin A, the most common coffee mold neurotoxin can improve performance, and I feel the difference. Astragalus is a fundamental adaptogenic herb used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and is primarily used for longevity, to fight inflammation, and for kidney support.

It can also reduce levels of c-reactive protein, one of the inflammation markers that you can drive down with the Bulletproof Diet. Astragalus has useful components, mostly flavonoids, saponins and polysaccharides. By lengthening telomeres, you could essentially delay cell death and slow down aging.

The length of your telomeres is related to your lifespan, which is why protecting your telomeres may be key to aging gracefully. You may have heard of TA This is the branded and patented form of cycloastragenol. While studies do show that this substance is effective in increasing telomerase activity, but many of those studies were also conducted by the manufacturer of TA My telomere measuring kit is on its way.

Boosts immune system : Astragalus also has immune-boosting properties and can activate T-cells even more than echinacea. You can use Astragalus as an adaptogenic supplement or in root form for cooking, teas, or tinctures.

Seriously…that stuff starts at a couple hundred dollars a month and ranges up to thousands; I was fortunate to get some samples. Bacopa monnieri is a creeping marsh plant that is traditionally used as a nootropic cognitive enhancer , for longevity, and as an adaptogen to help with anxiety and depression. Bacopa is an effective adaptogen and can help you cope with stressful situations and decrease stress in all regions of the brain. Studies show improvements in verbal learning, memory acquisition and delayed recall.

Reduces stress : The evidence for Bacopa as a stress-reducer and adaptogen , is solid. Research shows it reduces the effects of physiological stress, especially when taken in advance.

It is also fat-soluble, so you can take it the traditional way, with ghee, or with your Bulletproof Coffee. Bacopa is generally found as a supplement, powder, or extract. You can also make tea or add it to a pesto:. This is a potent adaptogenic herb, one I use often and really like. Some of the most famous nootropics do this, and it sucks. When I use it, I take about mg per day. Chaga mushrooms can be found growing in the forest on birch trees resembling a large clump of dirt.

But the benefits of this fungus are astounding. Those who live in Russia and Siberia have used this adaptogenic mushroom for thousands of years. Known as a folk medicine in the past, it is now being recognized in research and has shown its power in supporting cellular health. While mushrooms are not part of the Bulletproof Diet, well-sourced, high-quality medicinal mushrooms do serve a purpose as supplement. Suppresses tumor growth : Chaga is rich in antioxidants and has shown to support apoptosis cell death.

It also showed a decrease in temperature after implantation of the tumor. The decreased temperature could explain the reason Chaga suppresses cancer growth by regulating energy metabolism. Reduces blood sugar levels : Many mice studies have observed a positive effect of Chaga on diabetes.

Not only does Chaga lower blood glucose levels, but also cholesterol and triglycerides. Prevents DNA damage : Stress causes a substantial amount of harm to the body leading to many different diseases. Not only is it believed to support digestive issues, it could be a beneficial supplement to reduce oxidative stress in general.

Cordyceps is a rare combination of caterpillar and fungus found in Sikkim, India used in traditional Chinese and Tibetan medicine to promote longevity. Folk healers use this adaptogen to treat 21 different ailments including cancer, colds, low libido, and low energy. Combats fatigue : A two-week study used mice to observe the effects of Cordyceps on fatigue. The results showed that Cordyceps increased energy and reduced oxidative stress compared to the mice who did not receive it.

It also supported the balance of energy and hormone levels. Enhances memory : Cordyceps was shown to reverse memory loss and improve memory by supporting the nerve growth. It promoted growth of the neuron pathways, which is crucial for memory development and neuroplasticity and regeneration.

Boosts exercise performance : A study observing 20 healthy individuals aged years showed that endurance and breathing thresholds both increased significantly after 12 weeks of taking Cordyceps as an adaptogenic supplement. This suggests supplementation improves exercise performance in healthy older subjects and may be beneficial for younger athletes as well [14]. Holy basil, or Tulsi, is an herb used in Ayurvedic medicine and is traditionally used as an adaptogen, aphrodisiac, and liver supporter.

Protects liver : Studies show that this herb can be an effective liver protector, and is especially potent when paired with milk thistle, another liver supporter. Lowers stress and anxiety : Other practices include using holy basil as a stress reducer, antioxidant, and anti-anxiety supplement. Boosts libido : Holy basil is also known to be both an anti-fertility agent and libido enhancer, so this could be a fun herb for couples not ready to conceive.

Some animal studies suggest that it could also be tied to its high ursolic acid content. You can use Holy Basil as a garnish on your dishes, add it to your water, or make a tea. You can also purchase a powder or supplement form. Your swimmers or eggs are great signs of how healthy your system is. Maca is a Peruvian root that grows in the Andes and is becoming known for its abilities to support sex drive and boost fertility, which can go down in times of stress.

Boosts libido : In multiple studies with men and women, Maca has been shown to increase libido and the desire for sex. From antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction to erectile dysfunction, Maca can boost the libido and get you in the mood.

Increases fertility : Maca has also been shown to increase fertility in both men and women. Adding Maca powder to your Bulletproof Coffee or morning smoothie is a great way to make it a daily habit. You can also take this adaptogen in supplement form. Mucuna pruriens, also known as the dopa bean, has a high content of L-dopa which is a precursor to the neurotransmitter dopamine.

This adaptogen is known for its ability to boost your mood, lower stress, improve mood, reduce anxiety, and help you focus. Increases fertility and libido : While reducing stress, Mucuna has been shown to improve semen quality in infertile men.

Aqueous extract of G. Quantitatively, the extract was found to have saponins in highest concentration followed by flavonoids and steroids while cardiac glycosides, cardenolides and dienolides were weakly present Table 1. Among all the physical indices of sexual behaviour monitored in male rats, the extract only produced significant effects on the MF and ML. In contrast, no effect was produced on the MF and ML by the extract during the second observatory period.

Effect of administration of aqueous seed extract of G. Again, the levels of FSH, LH and testosterone in the serum of the animals treated with the extract were not significantly altered at the end of the observatory period when compared with their respective control values Table 4. This study has refuted the acclaimed use of G. Male rats in the presence of non-oestrous female did not improve their sexual performance when orally administered with varying doses of aqueous seed extract of G.

Observation at each experimental period in this study revealed that sexual function in male rats were not enhanced, more so, when some indices of sexual performance such as IF, IL, EF, EL and GTF had no value. According to Singh and Mukherjee , aphrodisiac is any substance that a stimulate the production of semen b improve and purify the quality of semen c help sexually and in ejaculation d delay the time of ejaculation and e arouse sexual desire.

Therefore, the aqueous extract of G. Furthermore, the significantly enhanced MF and ML, which are useful indices of sexual vigour, libido and arousability Tajuddin et al. Elevated level of testosterone has been associated with a moderate but significant increase in sexual desire and penile function Gauthaman et al. Clinical data on testosterone also suggest that a slightly increased level of testosterone in adult males results in an enhanced sexual desire and arousability Thakur and Dixit, The level of testosterone has been reported to be related to LH and FSH such that increase in the levels of the gonadotropins results in corresponding increase in testosterone Andersen and Tufik , Therefore, it is not surprising that these hormones which have specific roles to play in sexual activity of animals were not significantly altered.

Such a lack of significant change in the levels of the reproductive hormones in this study is an indication that GnRH-LH signalling was not affected. Several phytochemicals have been implicated in enhancing sexual function in male rats.

For example, saponins in Fadogia agrestis Schweinf. Ex Hiern and Tribulus terrestris Linn. Schum and Microdesmis keayana J. Leonard have been shown to be responsible for aphrodisiac activity Ernst and Pittler, ; Gauthaman et al. Similarly, prosexual stimulatory property of Mondia whitei Hook Skeels has also been attributed to its steroid and triterpene contents Drewes et al. These bioactive agents exhibit aphrodisiac activity either by increasing the biosynthesis and secretion of androgens or act directly on the central nervous system to modulate the action of neurotransmitters and gonadal tissues in animals.

Specifically, saponins enhance androgen production Gauthaman et al. Interestingly, some of these phytochemicals such as saponins and steroids were also detected in the seed extract in this study; it is possible that the extract lacked the specific type. For instance, steroidal saponins have been implicated to play a role in enhancing sexual behaviour by either binding to hormone receptors, which may result in conformational change that will enhance the physiological function of the hormones or bind to enzymes that are involved in the synthesis of such hormones and thus enhance its production Gauthaman and Adaikan, , whereas none of such has ever been reported for the second class of saponins, the triterpenoid saponins.

This study has thus revealed that aqueous seed extract of G. Furthermore, the results taken together discourage the continued claim or assumption of Garcinia kola seeds as an aphrodisiac. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Jul 1.

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicines This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The age long acclaimed aphrodisiac potentials of Garcinia kola seeds in some parts of Western Nigeria has not been substantiated with scientific evidence.

Keywords: Garcinia kola seeds, Guttifera , aphrodisiac, sexual behaviour. Materials and methods Plant material and authentication G. Assay kits Testosterone assay kit was a product of Diagnostic Automation Inc.

Other reagents All other reagents used were of analytical grades and were prepared in volumetric flasks using glass-distilled water.

Experimental Animals Healthy, sexually matured, male albino rats Rattus norvegicus weighing Preparation of extract G. Animal grouping, extract administration and monitoring of sexual behaviour indices The animals were randomly grouped into four A—D of six rats each.

Preparation of serum Immediately after the termination of the third observatory period, male rats were anaesthetized in a jar containing cotton wool soaked in ether fume. Hormonal assay The hormones were assayed in the serum of the animals following the procedure outlined in the manufacturers' instruction manual as described for testosterone Chen et al. Results Aqueous extract of G.

Table 1 Phytochemical constituents of aqueous extract of Garcinia kola seeds. Open in a separate window. Table 2 Effect of administration of aqueous seed extract of G. Table 3 Effect of administration of aqueous seed extract of G. Table 4 Effect of administration of aqueous seed extract of G.

Discussion This study has refuted the acclaimed use of G. References 1. Adimoelja A. Phytochemicals and the breakthrough of traditional herbs in the management of sexual dysfunction.

Int J Androl. Agmo A. Male rat sexual behaviour. Brain Res Protocol. Ajibola A O, Satake M. Contributions to the phytochemistry of medicinal plants growing in Nigeria as reported in the — literature-A preview. Afr J Pharm Sci. Akintonwa A, Essein A R. Protective effects of Garcinia kola seed against paracetamol-induced hepatoxicity in rats. J Ethnopharmacol.

Andersen M L, Tufik S. Does male sexual behavior require progesterone? Brain Res Rev. Sexual function improving effect of Mucuna pruriens in sexually normal male rats.

Nitrosatable amines and nitrosomide formation in natural stimulants, Cola acuminata, Cola nitida and Garcinia kola. Food Chem Toxicol. Purification of saponins of root of Bhlighia sapida Koenig-Holl. Blaide V D. Pharmacology effects of Chronic Ingestion of Garcinia kola seeds in the Rats. Phtother Res. Flavonoids and condensed tannins from leaves of Hawaiian vaccinium vaticulatum and V. Pacific Sci. Diagnosis of a testosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma by selective venous catheterization.

Fertil Steril. Recent findings on natural products with erectile-dysfunction activity. Ernst E, Pittler M H. Yohimbine for erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Urol. Gauthaman K, Adaikan P G. The hormonal effects of Tribulus terrestris and its role in the management of male erectile dysfunction-an evaluation using primates, rabbits and rats. Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus terrestris extract Protodioscin in normal and castrated rats.

Life Sci. Harborne J B.